The Energy Efficient Chiller Manufacturers | Geson Chiller
When searching for a new chiller, there are numbers of information you need to know to make the right choice. This is a list of frequently asked questions and their corresponding answers so you have the information you need.
Figure 1 Chillers
What Are Industrial Chillers Used For?
An industrial chiller is different from a residential HVAC system because it requires more power and cooling efficiency. The industrial application of chillers involves cooling in manufacturing processes, laboratories, factory machinery, heavy mechanisms, and many other large-scale uses.
Industrial Chillers Application
How Does An Industrial Chiller Work?
Industrial chillers use either water or ambient air as a refrigerant. It can also be powered by any one of four types of compressors: rotary screw, reciprocating air, axial, and centrifugal compressors. Depending on the type of compressor, there are different components, number of parts, and functions.
However, the purpose remains the same, which is to produce a cooling effect for buildings and commercial spaces.
Figure 2 Industrial Chillers
How Many Types Of Chillers Are There?
There are two general types of chillers in the market. They are air-cooled and water-cooled chiller systems. They differ mainly in terms of the cooling principle but their function remains the same.
What Is A Screw Type Chiller?
A screw-type chiller, or screw compressor chiller, uses either water or air as a refrigerant. In a water chiller, the compressor is on top of the chiller unit. For an air chiller, the compressor is underneath.
When use in an indoor setting, the water-cooled chillers will have insulation whereas air chillers will have none.
What Are Three Types Of Compressors?
There are four types of compressors use din chiller systems: rotary screw, reciprocating air, axial, and centrifugal compressors.
- The rotary screw compressor consists of two internal rotors as its main components. It is best for chiller systems for continuous use and for large scale applications.
- A reciprocating air compressor operates using a piston that is inside a cylinder. It is ideal for smaller applications such as home renovations. It is not intend for continuous use.
- A centrifugal compressor, also known as a dynamic compressor, makes use of rapidly rotating air blades in order to draw air into the system. Like rotary compressors, it is also for large-scale uses such as manufacturing plants and industrial buildings.
- The axial compressor is the most expensive type of compressor for chiller systems. It is the best suit for airplanes and other high-speed engines.
What Is The Difference Between HVAC And Chiller?
Air conditioning units (HVAC) isfor residential use, or small buildings and offices. They are available in numerous sizes with limited cooling effect. On the other hand, chiller systems are built for large-scale use such as commercial or manufacturing plants. They are capable of more powerful cooling and can withstand continued use.
Figure 4 Chillers Systems
How Does A Chilled Water HVAC System Work?
A chilled water HVAC system is typically installed in the roof or any external part of the building. As the name implies, it is built on a chilled water system wherein it uses cooled water to produce a cooling effect.
This type of HVAC system is capable of generating anywhere from 4 to 7 degrees Celsius in cooled air. It is introduced into the building through pipes that are integrated into the building.
Do Chillers Use Refrigerant?
Yes. A refrigerant is needed in order to remove unwanted heat from the air or water whenever it is processed between the evaporator and condenser. When the heat is removed from the refrigerant, it is a pump to the rest of the system in order to produce a cooling effect on the building or home.
This entire process is repeated once the refrigerant is once again collected and processed through the evaporator and condenser.
What Are The Main Components Of A Chiller?
The main components of a chiller are: 1) compressor, 2) condenser, 3) evaporator, 4) expansion valve, 5) power panel, 6) control unit, and 7) water box.
The compressor is the primary mover and is responsible for developing pressure variation that will process the refrigerant. The condenser is behind the compressor and is to remove heat from the refrigerant.
water cooled Process Chiller Components
The evaporator is in between the compressor and expansion valve. It collects the waste heat from the structure and processes it along with the refrigerant before it is connected to a cooling tower. The primary function of the expansion valve is to aid in lowering the pressure on the refrigerant and maximizing its volume.
The power panel is responsible for managing the flow of electrical power into the chiller system. The control unit is where you can access the different functions of the system. The water box directs the flow inside the chiller and differentiates the entrance from the exit and vice versa.
Figure 5 Air Condensers
What Do Chillers Do In A Building?
The main purpose of chillers in a building is to create a cooling effect. Chillers are commonly used in heat, ventilation, and air conditioning systems (HVAC). The goal is to provide thermal comfort to the occupants of the building – residential or commercial – and to make the interior of the building comfortable to stay in, no matter the season. Without the chiller, it can be too heat inside the building, especially during the summer months.
chiller system for home
What Is A Screw Chiller?
A screw chiller is made up of two rotating helical screws that produce the needed pressure in order to facilitate the refrigeration process. It is best suit for part-load applications because it can achieve stability at only 10% capacity (versus centrifugal compressors that require 20-40% capacity).
How Do You Choose A Chiller?
There are numerous factors to consider when choosing a chiller for industrial and large-scale use. First off, choose between water and ambient air as your refrigerant. Your choice will depend on whether you have access to open space as they will differ in terms of installation. It is also important to consider if you have a water source.
You should also consider the accuracy of temperature control you need for the refrigeration process. Along with that, you must look at the level of freeze protection that is required for the customer’s purpose.
Figure 6 Chillers For Air Conditioning System
What Is The Best Chiller Efficiency?
The best chiller efficiency refers to the ability of the chiller system to produce the lowest temperature range using the least amount of kilowatt per hour. When it comes to commercial and industrial chillers, the typical efficiency rating is at 70 to 75 percent load.
What Type Of Pipe For Chilled Water?
Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC pipe is the most commonly used plastic piping material for chilled water systems. This is the material of choice for cooling systems whether for residential or commercial use.
air cooled chillers system
Are There Any Regulation Requirements To Consider When Installing Chillers?
The regulation requirements for the installation of chillers will vary from one location to another. Check with your local codes about specific requirements for the specific type of chiller that you wish to install so you can satisfy them.
What Are The Benefits Of Screw Chillers?
There are plenty of benefits that you can enjoy when you install screw chillers. The obvious advantage is that the unit itself occupies little space for installation. If you only have a small amount of space to spare, then you won’t have any problem with this type of chiller.
A screw chiller also provides more efficient cooling than other types of chillers. It is a great option when you want to cool large buildings and use it for industrial applications. Aside from fast cooling, it is also energy efficient while emitting very little noise with its quiet operation.
Overall, screw chillers require less maintenance and are the primary choice for cooling high-rise buildings.
Figure 7 Air Screw Chillers
Do Air Cooled Chillers Need Cooling Towers?
Air cooled chillers are the next best thing for those areas with a lack of water source. It uses ambient air as refrigerant to achieve a cooling effect. It does not require a cooling tower in order to produce a cooling effect. It is advantageous for those who worry about the environmental effect of water removal and treatment.
Water Cooling Tower
Should You Process The Water Source For Chiller Systems?
The need to process and treat the water source for chiller systems will depend on the water source itself. Some sources will require treatment while others can be processed within the unit itself. This is why water-chilled systems require an expert to install since it requires more work during the installation process.
How Do You Ensure Long-Lasting Operation of Chillers?
The best way to achieve maximum chiller efficiency and long lasting operation is to conduct regular cleaning and maintenance. Preventive maintenance is the secret to reliable and efficient operation.
How Much Maintenance Does It Require?
Ongoing maintenance is required for chiller systems to ensure that they are properly working. Ideally, you must clean the system every few months or at least twice a year. For industrial applications, the maintenance cleaning might be more frequent than that depending on the extent of work that it needs to do.
Proper maintenance should be done even when the system is functioning properly. It is a crucial step to ensure proper function and that the system will last longer.
There are three types of industrial chillers to choose from in the market: air, water, and evaporative chillers. Furthermore, they are divided into four different categories according to the type of compressor.
When choosing, it is important to look into the pro’s and con’s of each type of chiller in order to find the right system for your needs.
What Are The Pros of Water Cooled Chillers?
Water chillers tend to have a longer lifespan so they give more value to your investment. This is made possible by the fact that they can install in an indoor setting so they are not subject to harsh environmental conditions.
Water chillers also offer quiet operation since they do not require ducts and vents. This is essential when installing this type of chiller in hospitals, schools, and other facilities wherein noise can be a form of disturbance.
It is also more efficient (versus air chillers) so you can save on energy use. It could mean more savings for your business in the long run.
double compressor water screw chillers
What Are The Cons of Water Cooled Chillers?
Water chillers have a higher initial cost since they are expensive to install with more parts involved. Unlike air chillers, it will require additional parts such as water pumps and cooling towers.
Due to the additional parts, water-cooled chillers are complicated to install and require the service of someone who is an expert with the system. In addition, its maintenance is also a bit more complicated.
water cooled chiller system working principle
What Are The Types of Chillers Based on the Mode of Operation?
There are four types of chillers according to the mode of operation. They are as follows: screw driven, reciprocating, centrifugal, and absorption chillers.
What Is The Difference Between Screw And Centrifugal Chillers?
A centrifugal chiller utilizes a vapor compression cycle in order to cool water. It eliminates heat from the water and the compressor before introducing it to a cooling tower. It is made up of fewer moving parts compares to screw chillers.
A screw chiller is made up of only one compressor. It provides effective cooling solutions in industrial applications such as schools, large buildings, warehouses, factories, shopping malls, manufacturing plants, and more.
Is Technical Maintenance Necessary?
Yes. While chiller systems have advanced due to new technologies, it has also become more complex in terms of chiller maintenance. Proper maintenance is vital to ensure that the parts of the system function efficiently and can last longer. If any of the parts are not working properly, it can compromise the entire system.
Can You Integrate Chillers Into Building Management System?
Yes. When you conducting the building management and maintenance,
it is a good idea to integrate the chiller maintenance into that.
This will make all components of the building working efficiently together so that occupants of the building can enjoy efficient thermal control.
air cooled process chiller
In Which Applications Are Chillers Currently In Use?
Chillers are for a variety of industrial applications wherein cooling is an essential part of the operations. They can cool special machines that produce high heat such as MRI and lasers (in hospitals). They are also for the cool storage of food and other perishable goods in the food and beverage industry.
Your can use large-scale use of chillers for buildings.
where need a central HVAC CHILLER cooling system,
or for multiple cooling needs.
Chiller Temperature Setting
How Much Energy Savings Can You Get?
It will depend on the type of chiller system and the extent of use. In comparison, water-cooled chillers are more efficient than air-cooled chillers. The former is able to generate up to 100 times better performance when it comes to energy efficiency.
The maximum energy savings that you can enjoy with the use of a chiller system is up to 56 percent.
Figure 8 Screw Compressors
What Size Chiller Do You Need?
The size of the chiller for installation will depend on the cooling requirement of the building. Experts recommend oversize the chiller by 20%. This is to ensure that the chiller won’t overly exert itself in order to produce the amount of cooling.
To help you choose, it is best to check the manufacturer’s website. They will indicate the ideal size of the building or space that the system is able to provide cooling for. Use it to match your own space so you can choose the right system and size to install.
Where Do You Install The Chiller?
Air cooled chillers can use in an outdoor space or exterior of a building. It requires access to open space since it draws ambient air from the outside that is processed within the unit to provide cool air inside the building.
On the other hand, a water cooled chiller can apply inside the building. It only needs to pipe through a water source in order to generate a sufficient supply of water to cool the building.
How Do You Make A Chiller More Efficient?
There are three steps to increase the efficiency of a chiller system. The first step is to retrofit the compressor to a variable speed compressor. This process can entail additional costs but the payback is significant as you can end up saving up to 9% in energy consumption.
Another way to increase efficiency is with a cold water reset strategy. The traditional practice is to maintain 6 degrees Celsius in water temperature. But by lowering that by 1-2%, then will increase chiller efficiency.
You can also increase chiller efficiency with proper maintenance and cleaning of the system itself. The amount of energy you can save will depend on the buildup of fouling on the system’s surface. When the system is properly cleaned, you can enjoy up to 10% energy savings.
Figure 9 Copper pipe condenser
How Do You Do Preventive Maintenance?
Preventive maintenance is a vital step to ensure that the entire system runs efficiently for longer. It is also essential to ensure that you can maximize the lifespan of the chiller system.
In terms of preventive maintenance, industrial chillers require regular cleaning and monitoring of temperature and pressure. A general system testing must also be conducted on a periodic basis. Industrial chillers, obviously, will require more maintenance work ranging from daily to annual checkups.
What Is The Primary Function Of The Condenser?
The primary function of a condenser in a chiller system is to transfer heat which removes the heat from the refrigerant into another medium. It is one of the most important parts of a chiller system. It is, therefore, an important component that enables the system to achieve a cooling effect more effectively.
What Is The Average Temperature Of Chillers?
For water cooled chillers, the average temperature of the water must reach anywhere from 2 to 7 degrees Celsius. Once this temperature range is reached, it will enable a sufficient cooling effect in a room or building. Otherwise, it will make the system inoperable or you need to repair or replace the unit.
Which Refrigerant Is Used In Chillers?
There are two types of refrigerants generally: R407C, R134A. These two options are considered more sustainable and eco-friendly than the earlier types of refrigerants. The type of refrigerant will also base on the size of the application.
R407C is known as one of the best refrigerants used in chillers and they are also the most effective.
What Industries Use Chillers?
Chillers are used in a variety of industries and in numerous applications. The chillers are used in the chemical and petrochemical, food and beverage, medical, pharmaceutical, plastic, rubber, and retail industry.
Figure 11 HVAC Chiller
What Is A Scroll Chiller?
A scroll chiller is one type of chiller that you can buy from Geson Chiller. The main working principle of a scroll chiller is to introduce a certain amount of water into a machine. The water will undergo a cooling process via the cooling system for the purpose of cooling a room or building, or to dehumidify the air.
This type of chiller is often self-contained. It can be air- or water-cooled.
The main benefit that you can get with the use of a scroll chiller is energy efficiency. This is also considered as an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional types of chillers. Since it uses air and water as refrigerant, it eliminates the need to use high ODP refrigerants.
The scroll chiller is also easy to operate and offers accurate temperature control.
What Factors To Look For In Chiller Manufacturers?
When choosing a manufacturer of chiller systems, there are important factors you need to look for. First, you must check the manufacturer’s experience in the industry. The longer they have been in the industry, the more you can depend on them to deliver quality chiller solutions.
Another area to look into is the variety of products they offer. There are certain benefits and drawbacks that you can get with the use of various chiller systems. At the same time, each system is designed for a specific use and purpose. It is important to have a variety of options so you can choose according to your needs.
Lastly, you must choose a chiller manufacturers that has excellent customer service. They should provide quality customer service during and after point of sales. This is important because chiller systems are quite an expensive investment and you want to get your money’s worth when you choose a system to buy.
Why Choose Geson Chiller For Cooling Solutions?
Geson Chiller has over 15 years of experience in the chiller manufacturing industry. The company can provide a wide range of chiller solutions across all industries and applications – from 3 tons to 4400 tons. This company is, therefore, your one-stop solution when it comes to your refrigeration needs.
Figure 10 Professional Mnaufacturing
What Are The Main Chiller Products Available?
At Geson Chiller, there are three main categories of products to choose from: water screw chiller, air screw chiller, and air scroll chiller.
The water screw chiller is ideal for those looking for a stable performance. The air screw chiller is recommended for ease of installation since it does not require a cooling tower. And the air scroll chiller comes with a built-in water pump and water tank.
Does Geson Chiller Ship Worldwide?
Yes. Geson Chiller mainly serves industrial and commercial customers in Southeast Asia, Europe, Middle East, and Africa. Hence, it can cater to the refrigeration and chilling requirements of customers from all over the world.
Which Company Is Geson Chiller Partnered With In Terms Of Shipping?
Geson Chiller has worked together with Geson Chiller when it comes to its freight forwarding solutions. Geson Ciller is known as the best freight forwarder in China for its ability to handle all kinds of goods. It also offers competitive rates so that Geson Chiller can pass down the savings to its clients.
How Does Geson Chiller Ensure No Damage During Shipment?
Damage to the goods during shipment is one of the most common concerns for customers that get any of Geson Chiller’s systems. With Geson Chiller handling your units, you can rest assured that they are packed securely and reinforced with the durable container. They also load only a reasonable amount of goods for each container to ensure that the shipment is safe.
What Is The Estimated Time Of Arrival For Shipment?
There are several factors that can impact the estimated time of arrival for all refrigeration and chiller systems ordered through Geson Chiller. Geson Chiller is unable to provide an exact estimate as numerous factors must be taken accounts, such as the season, volume of shipment, and type of goods. Each order will be given an estimate and it is up to the customer to track down the shipment to anticipate arrival times.
Does Geson Chiller Freight Rate Change Frequently?
No. While it is a common practice for some ocean freight forwarder, Geson Chiller will not change the shipping cost without prior notice. This is one of the reasons why they are considered as among the best freight forwarder in Asia.